This article begins by describing the sentencing options that
are available in most states for drug-involved offenders, and the benefits and burdens associated with each. A model of evidencebased sentencing is presented that attempts to match drug offenders to dispositions that optimally balance impacts on cost, public safety, and the welfare of the offender. Implementing this model in practice requires an assessment of each offender’s risk of dangerousness, prognosis for success in standard treatment, and clinical needs. A typology is presented of four sub-groups of drug offenders characterized by distinct risk-and-need profiles.
Specific recommendations are offered for the clinical and supervisory interventions that should be included in sentencing orders for each offender subtype.
Evidence-Based Sentencing for Drug Offenders: An Analysis of Prognostic Risks and Criminogenic Needs
Chapman Journal of Scientific Justice
Douglas B. Marlowe, J.D., Ph.D.